A Brief Bibliography on Digital Learning

In Uncategorized on April 30, 2012 at 1:42 pm


  1. Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2006). An inquiry into retention and achievement differences in campus based and web based AP courses. Rural Educator, 27(3), 8-12.
  2. Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2008). How are they doing? Examining student achievement in virtual schooling. Education in Rural Australia, 18(2), 63-74.
  3. Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2008). Student performance in virtual schooling: Looking beyond the numbers. ERS Spectrum, 27(1).
  4. Barbour, M. K., & Reeves, T. C. (2009). The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers and Education, 52(2), 402-416.
  5. Barna, G. (2010). Media Exposure, Addiction, downloaded from on February 8, 2010.
  6. Bellanca, J., Brandt, R. (2010) 21st century skills: Rethinking How Students Learn, Solution-Tree Press, Bloomington, IN, 216-298.
  7. Berg, J. (2008) Essential Virtues: Marks of the Christ-centered Life, BJU Press, Greenville, SC, 33+
  8. Bilton, N. (2010) I live in the Future & Here’s How It Works: Why Your World, Work, and Brain Are Being Creatively Disrupted, Crown Business, New York, NY.
  9. Bolman, L., Deal, T. (2008) Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
  10. Brooks-Young, S. (2010) Teaching With the Tools Kids Really Use: Learning With Web and Mobile Technologies, Corwin, Thousand Oaks, CA. 15-23
  11. (2012) Moore’s Law Definition, Downloaded from on March 14, 2012.
  12. Carr, N. (2010) The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains, W. W. Norton & Company, New York, NY
  13. Cavanaugh, C. (2001). The effectiveness of interactive distance education technologies in K-12learning: A meta-analysis, International Jl. Of Educational Telecommunications 7(1), 73-88.
  14. Cavanaugh, C., Gillan, K., Kromrey, J., Hess, M., & Blomeyer, R. (2004). The effects of distance education on K-12 student outcomes: A meta-analysis. Naperville, IL: Learning Point Associates.
  15. Cavanaugh, C., Gillan, K., Bosnick, J., & Hess, M. (2008). Effectiveness of online Algebra learning: Implications for teacher preparation. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 38(1) 67-95. Florida Tax Watch Center for Educational Performance and Accountability (2007). A comprehensive assessment of Florida Virtual School. Talahassee, FL
  16. Challies, T. (2011) The Next Story: Life and Faith After the Digital Explosion, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI.
  17. Chen, Brian. (2011) Always On: How the iPhone Unlocked the Anything-Anytime-Anywhere Future—and Locked Us In, De Capo/Perseus, Cambridge, MA
  18. Christensen, C. (1997) The innovator’s dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fail. Harvard Business Press, Cambridge, MA
  19. Christensen, C., Horn, M., Johnson, C. (2008). Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns. McGraw Hill, New York, NY. 10+
  20. Collins, A., Halverson, R. (2009). Rethinking Education In The Age Of Technology, Teachers College Press, New York, NY 4+
  21. CREP (2009). Interactive Educational Systems Design (IESD) and Center for Research in Educational Policy Comprehensive Technical Report: Evaluation of the Social Skills of Full-Time, Online Public School Students
  22. Creswell, J. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, 21.
  23. De Carolis, D., Saparito, P. (2006) Social Capital, Cognition, and Entrepreneurial Opportunities: A Theoretical Framework. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30:1, 41+
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  27. Dyer, John. (2011) From the Garden to the City: the Redeeming and Corrupting Power of Technology, Kregel, Grand Rapids MI, 84-97
  28. Edgington, S. The Parent’s Guide to Texting, Facebook, and Social Media: Understanding the Benefits and Dangers of Parenting in a Digital World, Brown Books, Dallas, TX
  29. Ellul, J. (1985) The Humiliation of the Word, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI, 3+
  30. Fast Facts (2009) INACOL: Fast Facts About Online Learning, International Association for K-12 Learning. Downloaded from, March 11, 2010
  31. i Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning 2009, Evergreen Consulting;
  32. ii Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning 2009, Evergreen Consulting;
  33. iii Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning 2009, Evergreen Consulting;
  34. iv Center for Education Reform. (Note: There are 173 virtual charter schools with 92,235 students, up from 147 schools serving
  35. 65,354 students in 18 states in 2005-2006; 86 such schools with 31,000 students in 13 states in 2004-05; 60 schools in 13 states in 2002-03).
  36. v Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2005, 2007. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
  37. vi Distance Education in Elementary and Secondary Public School Districts, 2005, U.S. Department of Education National Center for Educational Statistics.
  38. vii Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2009, Table 252
  39. viii Virtual Schools, 2001, Tom Clark/WestEd.
  40. ix In 2002-2003, 4,766 students in Alberta, Canada were enrolled in online learning programs; up 1,000 from the previous year’s 3,810 students.
  41. x Distance Education in Elementary and Secondary Public School Districts, 2005, U.S. Department of Education National Center for Educational Statistics.
  42. xi Staying the Course: Online Education in the United States, The Sloan Consortium, 2008. survey/pdf/staying_the_course.pdf
  43. xii K–12 Online Learning: A 2008 Follow-up of the Survey of U.S. School District Administrators, Sloan Consortium, January 2009,
  45. xiii Distance Education in Elementary and Secondary Public School Districts, 2005, U.S. Department of Education National Center for Educational Statistics.
  46. xiv K–12 Online Learning: A 2008 Follow-up of the Survey of U.S. School District Administrators, Sloan Consortium, January 2009,
  47. xv “The 2008 Education Next-PEPG Survey of Public Opinion,” Fall 2008, (vol. 8, no. 4), ednext/26380034.html.
  48. xvi NCREL Synthesis of New Research on K-12 Online Learning, 2005, North Central Regional Education Laboratory/Learning Point Associates.
  49. xvii The Internet at School, 2005, Pew Internet Study.
  50. xviii Rates of Computer and Internet Use by Children in Nursery School and Students in Kindergarten Through Twelfth Grade,
  51. 2003, National Center for Educational Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. vol_7/1_2/4_4.asp
  52. xix Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2005, 2007. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
  53. xx Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2005, 2007. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
  54. xxi How Do We Transform Our Schools?, Education Next, Christensen, Clayton M. and Michael B. Horn, Summer 2008
  55. (vol. 8, no. 3),
  56. xxii Expanding the Advanced Placement Incentive Program, U.S. Department of Education. competitiveness/expanding-apip.html
  57. xxiii Schools and Staffing Survey: 1999-2000, U.S. Department of Education.
  58. xxiv Public High School Graduation and College Readiness Rates in the United States, 2003, from the Manhattan Institute.
  59. xxv Public High School Graduation and College Readiness Rates in the United States, 2003, from the Manhattan Institute.
  60. xxvi The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives on High School Dropouts, 2006, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
  61. xxvii Toward A New Golden Age In American Education: How the Internet, the Law and Today’s Students Are Revolutionizing Expectations: National Education Technology Plan, 2005, U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Technology.
  62. xxviii The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development: The Whole Child.
  63. xxix “The 2008 Education Next-PEPG Survey of Public Opinion,” Fall 2008, (vol. 8, no. 4),
  64. Fuller, R. B., (1979) On Education. Amherst: U. Mass. Press, 80-84.
  65. Gibson, C. (1998) Distance Learners in Higher Education: Institutional Responses for Quality Outcomes, Atwood Publishing, Madison, WI.
  66. Greenway, R.,Vanourek, G. (2006). The Virtual Revolution: Understanding Online Schools, Education Next, (6) (2) Hoover Institution Press 34+
  67. Harlow, K., & Baenen, N. (2003). Nova Net student outcomes. Eye on evaluation, E& R Report No. 02.15
  68. Harris, H. (1998) Fundamentalism and Evangelicals. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 260.
  69. Huffington Post, The. (2011) Google+ Unveiled: 9 Things You Need To Know. Downloaded from June 28, 2011
  70. Hughes, J.E., McLeod, S., Brown, R., Maeda, Y., & Choi, J. (2007). Academic achievement and perceptions of the learning environment in virtual and traditional secondary mathematics classrooms. American Journal of Distance Education 21(4).
  71. Hunt, D., (2005) Web-based Distance Learning: Substitute or Alternative to the Traditional Classroom: Making the Delivery Method Decision, Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, University of West Georgia, 8:3, 17
  72. INACOL (2009) K-12 Online Learning: A Smart Investment Now More Than Ever. International Association for K-12 Learning. Downloaded from, March 11, 2010
  73. Insights, Prosper Mobile, (2012) Smartphone Survey Reveals Half Say Their Smartphone is Their Life; Majority Utilize All Functions of Their Devices. Downloaded March 31, 2012 from
  74. Insight, Ambient, (2012) 2012 Learning Technology Research Taxonomy, downloaded from, March 15, 2012, 22.
  75. James, C., Davis, K., Flores, A., Francis, J., Pettingill, L., Rundle, M., Gardner, H. (2008) Young People, Ethics, and the New Digital Media: A Synthesis from the Good Play Project, Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education, GoodWork Project Series, 54.
  76. Johnson, L., Smith, R., Levine, A., and Haywood, K. (2010) The 2010 Horizon Report: K-12 Edition, The New Media Consortium and the Consortium for School Networking, Stanford, CA, 3+
  77. Johnson, S. (2005) Everything Bad is Good for You: How Today’s Popular Culture is Actually Making Us Smarter, Riverhead Books, New York, N. Y.
  78. Joinson, A. (2003) Understanding the Psychology of Internet Behaviour: Virtual Worlds, Real Lives. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, NY
  79. Jukes, I., McCain, T., Crockett, L. (2010). Understanding the Digital Generation: Teaching and Learning in the New Digital Landscape,21st Century Fluency Project/Corwin, Kelowna, BC, Canada, forward, 2+
  80. Kamenetz, A. (2009) How Web-Savvy Edupunks Are Transforming American Higher Education, Downloaded from, December 19, 2009.
  81. Kanna, E., Gillis, L.(2009). Virtual Schooling: A Guide To Optimizing Your Child’s Education, Palgrave/Macmillan, New York, NY 171+]
  82. Kolb, L. (2011) Cell Phones in the Classroom: A Practical Guide for Educators, ISTE, Eugene, OR, 4-5, 176-180, 194+
  83. Kolb, L. (2018) Toys to Tools: Connecting Student Cell Phones to Education, ISTE, Eugene, OR, Washington, DC.
  84. Kozma, B., Zucker, A., et. al. (2000). The online course experience: Evaluation of the Virtual High School’s third year of implementation, 1999-2000.
  85. Lowes, S. (2005). Online teaching and classroom change: the impact of virtual high school on its teachers and their schools. Naperville, IL: Learning Point Associates.
  86. Lundt, J., (2004) Learning for Ourselves: A New Paradigm for Education, The Futurist, 38:6, 18+.
  87. Matei, S. (2004) The Impact of State-Level Social Capital on the Emergence of Virtual Communities. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 48:1, 23+
  88. McHaney, R. (2010) The New Digital Shoreline, Stylus Publishing, Sterling VA. 39-40, 61-62.
  89. McLeod, S., Lehmann, C. (2012) What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media, Josey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 163-169.
  90. International Telecommunications Union (2012), ICT Facts and Figures 2011, downloaded March 31, 2012 from
  91. Massimini, M., Peterson, M. (2009) Information and Communication Technology: Affects on U. S. College Students. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychological Research on Cyberspace, 3(1), article 1.
  92. Moe. T., Chubb, J. (2009). Liberating Learning: Technology, Politics, and the Future of American Education, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 65, 149.
  93. Reid (2011), Transforming Challenges Jan. 2011: What is Adaptive Leadership?, downloaded April 21, 2012 from
  94. Rockman, S. (2007). Ed pace final report. San Francisco, CA: downloaded April 20, 2010 from
  95. National Survey of Student Engagement. (2008). Promoting engagement for all students: the imperative to look within. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, Center for Postsecondary Research.
  96. Nielsen, L., Webb, W. (2011) Teaching Generation Text: Using Cell Phones to Enhance Learning, Josey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 2-5.
  97. Northouse, P. (2007) Leadership: Theory and Practice, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, 91-112.
  98. NETP, Office of Educational Technology, U. S. Department of Education, National Educational Technology Plan, downloaded from April, 20, 2010.
  99. O’Dwyer, L., Carey, R., & Kleiman, G. (2007). A study of the effectiveness of the Louisiana Algebra Ion-line course. Journal of Research on Technology in Education 39, no. 3 (2007): 289–306.Muirhead, W. (2000). Online education in schools. The International Journal of Educational Management, 14(7), 315-324.
  100. Ohler, J. (2010) Digital community, digital citizen, Corwin, A SAGE Company, Thousand Oaks, CA. 9+
  101. Palfrey, J., Gasser, U. (2008) Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives, Perseus Books Group, Philadelphia, PA, 1+
  102. Pape, L., (2005) High School on the Web, downloaded from on April 17, 2010
  103. Patrick, S. (2009) Broadband Needs in Education, testimony before the Federal Communications Commission, Washington DC, December 8, 2009. Downloaded May 3, 2010 from
  104. Patrick, S., Powell, A. (2009) A Summary of Research on the Effectiveness of K-12 Online Learning, International Association for K-12 Online Learning, Vienna, VA, 4+
  105. Pink, D. (2005) A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule The Future, Riverhead Books, New York, NY., 81.
  106. Presnsky, M. (2010) Teaching Digital Natives: Partnering for Real Learning. Corwin, Thousand Oaks, CA. 58, 94, 104-107, 116-117
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  111. Rosen, L. (2010) Rewired: Understanding the iGeneration and the Way They Learn, Palgrave-McMillan, New York, NY
  112. Rosen, L. (2012) iDisorder: Understanding our Obsession with Technology and Overcoming Its Hold On Us, Palgrave-McMillan, New York, NY
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Texting for Education

In Uncategorized on December 12, 2011 at 10:11 am

While here in the United States the number of computers still outstrips the number of cellphones, in the rest of the world it is not that way. Of the 7 billion people in the world, a whopping 4.1 billion are now wirelessly connected via cellphones. In many foreign countries, this means that the Internet connection many people have is only a cellphone. The fact that more than 6.1 trillion text messages were sent in 2010 suggests that there may be a place for short message system (SMS) or other cellphone use in the education of our youth.  A recent article by a British research group appearing in T & D magazine, quoting from a study done for the United Kingdom’s leading e-learning company emphases that mobile communication has advantages over other forms of communication.  Key mobile learning benefits: it is more convenient, it is more relevant, it can take place during down time, it eliminates technological barriers, it empowers learners, it enhances content retention, it enables speedier remediation, it leads to improved learner confidence, it results in better professional judgments, it makes for easier evidence collection, it encourages reflection, and it affords numerous social learning opportunities. (Norman, 2011) If you couple the fact that those in lower economic strata are more likely to have unlimited texting plans and sometimes better phones than those in other levels of society, it makes sense to consider education via cellphone and short messaging. Of course, convenience is the major reason for considering educating via short messages on a mobile platform. Think about it. Then talk with a few teenagers about what they think of the idea. You can say a lot in 140-160 characters. Just ask Twitter!


Norman, N. (2011) Mobile Learning Made Easy, T & D Magazine, December Issue.

Media Addiction

In Uncategorized on September 17, 2011 at 3:51 pm